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How to Treat Type 2 Diabetes Effectively

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Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. Of the more than 30 million Americans who have some form of diabetes, 90 to 95 percent have been diagnosed as type 2, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. The other 5 to 10 percent being those with either type 1 or gestational diabetes.

Many are unaware of what this condition is or how one can develop it during their lifetime. If you are diagnosed as a type 2 diabetic, it means that your body is unable to properly utilize the insulin that is has produced. This is differentiated from type 1 diabetes, in which the pancreas stops producing insulin entirely.

There are several risk factors of type 2 diabetes — the most glaring being obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. Additional risks that many are unaware of include ethnic background, age and family history of diabetes.

Let’s take a closer look at how you can properly treat type 2 diabetes, and how you can avoid the ailment through simple changes in your everyday lifestyle.

Treatments for Diabetes

Insulin

Patients with type 2 diabetes may be required to take insulin regularly, or in certain situations like pregnancy or hospitalization. Although receiving insulin shots at regular intervals is more common with those who have type 1 diabetes to avoid serious complications like diabetic ketoacidosis, which stems from inadequate glucose in the blood

Lifestyle
Depending on its severity, Type 2 diabetes patients may be able to manage the condition through healthy eating and regular physical activity. These treatments also help with gestational diabetes.

Medication
Additionally, a doctor may prescribe a medication like Invokana or Jardiance — SGLT2 inhibitors that when combined with insulin treatment and/or healthy lifestyle choices, will effectively treat diabetes.

SGLT2 inhibitors are a class of prescription medicines that serve to lower blood sugar in adults with type 2 diabetes. It is vital that you consult with your physician about what diabetes medication is best for you. The effectiveness of the drug comes at a price, however, as the unfavorable side effects can be just as bad as the symptoms it is intended to treat.

How Can You Reduce Your Risk?

The following are preventative measures that everyone can take to limit your risk of developing diabetes at some point in your lifetime.

Weight Loss
Since carrying excess weight is a significant risk factor in the development of type 2 and gestational diabetes, losing weight can help prevent the onset of diabetes. In most cases, you may only need to lose between five and seven percent of your body’s current weight to lower your risk of Type 2 diabetes.

Physical Activity
Engaging in physical activity for at least half an hour, five days per week, will greatly reduce the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Exercise is the best way to stay in shape and maintain a healthy well-being.

Healthy Eating
Eating foods and drinking liquids that are low in calories, fat, and sugar can help prevent Type 2 diabetes, and contributes toward maintaining a robust weight.

In honor of National Diabetes Awareness Month this November, take the time to become a more informed consumer and learn how to manage your long-term health effectively.

By taking the time to choose hearty meals while also maintaining a regular exercise regimen, we can save thousands from the lifelong ailment of type 2 diabetes.

If you have a history of diabetes in your family or fit into any of the categories for being at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes, visit your doctor and get tested —  a simple blood test can determine the odds of being diagnosed.

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3 Activities That Can Help You Manage Arthritis Pain

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3 Activities That Can Help You Manage Arthritis Pain

Arthritis can cause substantial joint pain. Thus, patients with this condition often struggle to stay active. That’s understandable. It’s difficult to move around when your joints ache. However, if you have arthritis, it is actually very important to exercise regularly. Some experts even consider exercise to be the most effective arthritis treatment that doesn’t require patients to take drugs.

That said, you shouldn’t jump straight into a new fitness routine if you have arthritis. It may not be safe to perform certain exercises. Use direct access to physical therapy to coordinate with an expert that can help to develop a workout plan that fits your needs and abilities.

The types of activities they recommend will vary on a case-by-case basis. In general, though, the exercises will belong to one of the following categories:

 3 Activities That Can Help You Manage Arthritis Pain

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1. Aerobic

Aerobic exercise is good for everyone because it promotes cardiovascular health. It’s particularly important for arthritic patients because it also promotes weight loss.

When you lose weight, the amount of stress your joints are under reduces. Staying active and adhering to a fitness plan will help you not only achieve a healthy weight, but also maintain it.

 3 Activities That Can Help You Manage Arthritis Pain

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2. Range-of-Motion

Range-of-motion exercises typically involve simple movements designed to help reduce joint stiffness. An example would be rolling your shoulders backwards repeatedly. These exercises are ideal for patients with limited mobility because they can be performed easily and anywhere.

 3 Activities That Can Help You Manage Arthritis Pain

3. Strengthening

Your muscles protect your joints. Thus, it’s very important for people with arthritis to focus on exercises that strengthen muscles.

This usually involves some form of resistance exercise, such as lifting weights or doing push-ups. Again, you shouldn’t attempt such a routine on your own without speaking with your doctor and a professional first. Lifting weights is dangerous for anyone without the proper experience and information.  By coordinating with a professional, you’ll avoid injuring yourself.

You should also stick to a low-impact activities that are easier on your joints. For instance, walking or jogging is a lot better for an arthritic person than sprinting through rocky terrain.

Applying heat to your joints before working out can also help prevent stiffness later. Apply cold packs to your joints after exercising to reduce inflammation. Of course, you should also stop working out if you feel yourself getting too tired or experiencing too much pain.

That’s less likely to happen if you develop a fitness plan with expert help first. Again, exercise offers major benefits to arthritic people. You’ll get the most benefits when you work out safely.

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Young Girls Who Met In Hospital Reunite For “Survivors” Photo-shoot

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Young Girls Who Met In Hospital Reunite For “Survivors” Photo-shoot

Two years after beating cancer, four young girls reunited for a celebratory photoshoot, and the pictures are all sorts of incredible. McKinley, Chloe, Ava, and Lauren, were all diagnosed with cancer and were treated at Johns Hopkins All Children’s Hospital in St. Petersburg.

The little girls all had different types of cancer, but they all met when being treated in the same ward. The four instantly became very close friends and spent as much time with each other as they could while going through treatments.

Lauren’s mom, Shawna Glynn, said, “She’s three years old and doesn’t have any hair, but all her friends in the hospital look the same way. So it kind of gave her some normality.”

“It was just always a breath of fresh air to see a familiar face, and to know that she wasn’t alone in there.” Another mom added.

The girls’ close relationship also helped their parents cope a little better, dealing with such a trying period in not just their kids’ lives, but theirs as well.

Read also:  Nurse Adopts Abused Baby On Brink Of Death, Later Discovers She Has A Twin.

“From the standpoint of a mom, too, having other moms to relate to has been phenomenal. Just to have other people going through it at the same time as us.” Karen Moore, McKinley’s mom said.

“It gives me chills, it makes me want to cry. I mean, I love these kids as if they were my own, for sure. They’re awesome.” Paige Ward, a nurse at Johns Hopkins who took care of all the girls explained.

They may be just little girls, but the hurdles they have been able to overcome at such tender ages are incredibly amazing. What’s even more special about their story, is the beautiful friendship they have all been able to build while fighting such tough battles.

The girls have all beaten cancer, with Lauren finishing her treatment not too long ago and set to start kindergarten soon. The girls are also happy that they now have their long hair back as well and are planning to have their reunions every year.

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If You Get Swollen Feet Because Of the Heat, These Tips Can Change Your Life

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If You Get Swollen Feet Because Of the Heat, These Tips Can Change Your Life

We all love the warm weather, this means more time outdoors, glowy tans and generally much more human friendly conditions. However, this also means swollen ankles/feet for some of us! Fortunately, there are some remedies that can give your feet some relief.

The first obvious treatment for swollen legs is raising your legs above heart level. Sitting back and elevating your feet for about one hour should be enough to reduce benign episodes of heat swelling. You could also try wearing support or compression socks moving around and massaging your ankles to increase circulation.

swollen legs

swollen legs

Common Causes Swollen Ankles:

  1. Too Much Salt – When your body has too much sodium and not enough water, your body will retains any water you drink – which will cause swelling in the ankles.
  2. Gravity – Too much standing or sitting can cause the fluids in your body to pool in the lower extremities.
  3. Heat – Excess body heat can cause the blood vessels to expand, allowing fluids to flow into the surrounding tissues.
  4. Medications – Certain medications, such as antidepressants (MAO inhibitors & tricyclics), calcium channel blocker blood pressure pills, estrogen-containing hormone birth control pills, testosterone and steroids can all contribute to swollen ankles
  5. Organ Failure – Problems with the heart, kidneys or liver can cause circulation issues, resulting in ankle swelling.
  6. Obesity – If you are overweight, you are more likely to get swollen ankles.
  7. Pregnancy – During pregnancy, the extra fluid in the body and the pressure from the growing uterus can cause swelling in the ankles and feet.

Read also: The First Body Part You Wash In the Shower Reveals A Lot About Your Personality

Tips To Avoid Swollen Ankles During Hot Weather

  • Drink more water! You should be drinking at least eight glasses a day.
  • Avoid really long walks in the heat. Choose to exercise during the cooler parts of the day.
  • Limit dietary sodium like table salt, salted peanuts, pretzels, chips, breakfast cereals, and other salty foods.
  • Try a cooling ankle brace, ankle cold-pack or ankle wrap.
  • Massage the feet and ankles to promote lymphatic drainage. Use a cooling cream for added relief.
  • Flex and bend your ankles in circular motions to get your blood moving.
  • If you stand all day at work, take “walking breaks” during the day to ease the pressure and discomfort.
  • Cool your ankles down by placing a wet towel over them.

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